## Selina Concise Mathematics Class 8 ICSE Solutions Chapter 6 Sets

**Selina Publishers Concise Mathematics Class 8 ICSE Solutions Chapter 6 Sets**

ICSE SolutionsSelina ICSE SolutionsML Aggarwal Solutions

ICSESolutions.com provides step by step solutions for Selina Concise ICSE Solutions for Class 8 Mathematics Chapter 6 Sets. You can download the Selina Concise Mathematics ICSE Solutions for Class 8 with Free PDF download option. Selina Publishers Concise Mathematics for Class 8 ICSE Solutions all questions are solved and explained by expert mathematic teachers as per ICSE board guidelines.

Selina Class 8 Maths SolutionsPhysicsChemistryBiologyGeographyHistory & Civics

### Sets Exercise 6A – Selina Concise Mathematics Class 8 ICSE Solutions

**Question 1.**

Write the following sets in roster (Tabular) form :

**Solution:**

**Question 2.**

Write the following sets in set-builder (Rule Method) form :

**Solution:**

**Question 3.**

(i) Is {1, 2, 4, 16, 64} = {x : x is a factor of 32} ? Give reason.

(ii) Is {x : x is a factor of 27} ≠ {3, 9, 27, 54} ? Give reason.

(iii) Write the set of even factors of 124.

(iv) Write the set of odd factors of 72.

(v) Write the set of prime factors of 3234.

(vi) Is {x : x^{2} – 7x + 12 = 0} = {3, 4} ?

(vii) Is {x : x^{2} – 5x – 6 = 0} = {2, 3} ?

**Solution:**

(i) No, {1, 2, 4, 16, 64} ≠ {x : x is factor of 32}

Because 64 is not a factor of 32

(ii) Yes, {x : x is a factor of 27} + {3, 9, 27, 54}

Because 54 is not a factor of 27

(iii) 1 x 124 = 124

2 x 62 = 124

4 x 31 = 124

Factors of 124 = 1, 2, 4, 31, 62, 124

Set of even factors of 124 = {2, 4, 62, 124}

(iv) 1 x 72 = 72

2 x 36 = 72

3 x 24 = 72

4 x 18 = 72

6 x 12 = 72

8 x 9 = 72

Factors of 72 = 1, 2, 3, 4, 6, 8, 9, 12, 18, 24, 36, 72

Set of odd factors of 72 = {1, 3, 9}

**Question 4.**

Write the following sets in Roster form :

(i) The set of letters in the word ‘MEERUT’.

(ii) The set of letters in the word ‘UNIVERSAL’.

(iii) A = {x : x = y + 3, y ∈N and y > 3}

(iv) B = {p : p ∈ W and p^{2} < 20}

(v) C = {x : x is composite number and 5 < x < 21}

**Solution:**

(i) Roster form of the set of letters in the word “MEERUT” = {m, e, r, u, t}

(ii) Roster form of the set of letters in the word “UNIVERSAL” = {u, n, i, v, e, r, s, a, l}

(iii) A = {x : x = y + 3, y ∈ N and y > 3}

x = y + 3

**Question 5.**

List the elements of the following sets :

(i) {x : x^{2} – 2x – 3 = 0}

(ii) {x : x = 2y + 5; y ∈ N and 2 ≤ y < 6}

(iii) {x : x is a factor of 24}

(iv) {x : x ∈ Z and x^{2} ≤ 4}

(v) {x : 3x – 2 ≤ 10, x ∈ N}

(vi) {x : 4 – 2x > -6, x ∈ Z}

**Solution:**

### Sets Exercise 6B – Selina Concise Mathematics Class 8 ICSE Solutions

**Question 1.**

Find the cardinal number of the following sets :

**Solution:**

**Question 2.**

If P = {P : P is a letter in the word “PERMANENT”}. Find n (P).

**Solution:**

P = (P : P is a letter in the word “PERMANENT”}

or P = {p, e, r, m, a, n, t)

n (P) = 7

**Question 3.**

State, which of the following sets are finite and which are infinite :

**Solution:**

**Question 4.**

Find, which of the following sets are singleton sets :

(i) The set of points of intersection of two non-parallel st. lines in the same plane

(ii) A = {x : 7x – 3 = 11}

(iii) B = {y : 2y + 1 < 3 and y ∈ W}

Note : A set, which has only one element in it, is called a SINGLETON or unit set.

**Solution:**

**Question 5.**

Find, which of the following sets are empty :

(i) The set of points of intersection of two parallel lines.

(ii) A = {x : x ∈ N and 5 < x < 6}

(iii) B = {x : x^{2} + 4 = 0, x ∈ N}

(iv) C = {even numbers between 6 & 10}

(v) D = {prime numbers between 7 & 11}

Note : The set, which has no element in it, is called the empty or null set.

**Solution:**

**Question 6.**

(i) Are the sets A = {4, 5, 6} and B = {x : x^{2} – 5x – 6 = 0} disjoint ?

(ii) Are the sets A = {b, c, d, e} and B = {x : x is a letter in the word ‘MASTER’} joint ?

Note :

(i) Two sets are said to be joint sets, if they have atleast one element in common.

(ii) Two sets are said to be disjoint, if they have no element in common.

**Solution:**

**Question 7.**

State, whether the following pairs of sets are equivalent or not :

(i) A = {x : x ∈ N and 11 ≥ 2x – 1} and B = {y : y ∈ W and 3 ≤ y ≤ 9}

(ii) Set of integers and set of natural numbers.

(iii) Set of whole numbers and set of multiples of 3.

(iv) P = {5, 6, 7, 8} and M = {x : x ∈ W and x < 4}

Note : Two sets are said to be equivalent, if they contain the same number of elements.

**Solution:**

B = {3,4,5,6,7,8,9}

n (B) = 7

Cardinal number of set A = 6 and cardinal number of set B = 7

Set A and set B are not equivalent.

(ii) Set of integers has infinite number of elements. Set of natural numbers has infinite number of elements.

Set of integers and set of natural numbers are equivalent because both these sets have infinite number of elements.

(iii) Set of whole numbers, has infinite number of elements. Set of multiples of 3, has infinite number of element.

Set of whole numbers and set of multiples of 3 are equivalent because both these sets have infinite number of elements.

(iv) P = {5,6,7,8}

n (P) = 4

M = {x : x ∈ W and x ≤ 4}

M = {0, 1, 2, 3, 4}

n (M) = 5

Now Cardinal number of set P = 4 and

Cardinal number of set M = 5

These sets are not equivalent.

**Question 8.**

State, whether the following pairs of sets are equal or not :

**Solution:**

**Question 9.**

State whether each of the following sets is a finite set or an infinite set:

(i) The set of multiples of 8.

(ii) The set of integers less than 10.

(iii) The set of whole numbers less than 12.

(iv) {x : x = 3n – 2, n ∈ W, n ≤ 8}

(v) {x : x = 3n – 2,n ∈ Z, n ≤ 8}

(vi) {x : x = \(\frac { n-2 }{ n+1 }\) , n ∈ w)

**Solution:**

**Question 10.**

Answer, whether the following statements are true or false. Give reasons.

(i) The set of even natural numbers less than 21 and the set of odd natural numbers less than 21 are equivalent sets.

(ii) If E = {factors of 16} and F = {factors of 20}, then E = F.

(iii) The set A = {integers less than 20} is a finite set.

(iv) If A = {x : x is an even prime number}, then set A is empty.

(v) The set of odd prime numbers is the empty set.

(vi) The set of squares of integers and the set of whole numbers are equal sets.

(vii) In n(P) = n(M), then P → M.

(viii) If set P = set M, then n(P) = n(M).

(ix) n(A) = n(B) => A = B.

**Solution:**

### Sets Exercise 6C – Selina Concise Mathematics Class 8 ICSE Solutions

**Question 1.**

Find all the subsets of each of the following sets :

(i) A = {5, 7}

(ii) B = {a, b, c}

(iii) C = {x : x ∈ W, x ≤ 2}

(iv) {p : p is a letter in the word ‘poor’}

**Solution:**

(i) A = {5,7}

**Question 2.**

If C is the set of letters in the word “cooler”, find :

(i) Set C

(ii) n(C)

(iii) Number of its subsets

(iv) Number of its proper subsets.

Note : (i) If a set has n elements, the number of its subsets = 2^{n}

(ii) If a set has n elements, the number of its proper subsets = 2^{n} – 1

**Solution:**

(i) C = {c, o, l, e, r}

(ii) n(C) = 5

(iii) Number of its subsets : 2^{5 }= 2 x 2 x 2 x 2 x 2 = 32

(iv) Number of its proper subsets = 2^{5} – 1 = 32 – 1 = 31

**Question 3.**

If T = {x : x is a letter in the word ‘TEETH’}, find all its subsets.

**Solution:**

T = {t,e,h}

Subsets of set T = φ, {r}, {e}, {h}, {t,e}, {t,h}, {e,h}, {t,e,h}

**Question 4.**

Given the universal set = {-7,-3, -1, 0, 5, 6, 8, 9}, find :

(i) A = {x : x < 2}

(ii) B = {x : -4 < x < 6}

**Solution:**

Universal set = {-7, -3, -1, 0, 5, 6, 8, 9},

(i) A = {x : x < 2} = {-7, -3, -1, 0}

(ii) B = {x : -4 < x < 6} = {-3, -1, 0, 5}

**Question 5.**

Given the universal set = {x : x ∈ N and x < 20}, find :

(i) A = {x : x = 3p ; p ∈ N}

(ii) B = {y : y – 2n + 3, n ∈ N}

(iii) C = {x : x is divisible by 4}

**Solution:**

**Question 6.**

Find the proper subsets of {x : x^{2} – 9x – 10 = 0}

**Solution:**

x = 10

=> x = -1

Given set = {-1, 10}

Proper subsets of this set = φ, {-1}, {10}

**Question 7.**

Given, A = {Triangles}, B = {Isosceles triangles}, C = {Equilateral triangles}. State whether the following are true or false. Give reasons.

**Solution:**

**Question 8.**

Given, A = {Quadrilaterals}, B = {Rectangles}, C = {Squares}, D= {Rhombuses}. State, giving reasons, whether the following are true or false.

**Solution:**

**Question 9.**

**Solution:**

**Question 10.**

**Solution:**

**Question 11.**

**Solution:**

**Question 12.**

**Solution:**

### Sets Exercise 6D – Selina Concise Mathematics Class 8 ICSE Solutions

**Question 1.**

**Solution:**

**Question 2.**

**Solution:**

**Question 3.**

**Solution:**

**Question 4.**

**Solution:**

**Question 5.**

**Solution:**

**Question 6.**

**Solution:**

**Question 7.**

**Solution:**

**Question 8.**

**Solution:**

**Question 9.**

**Solution:**

### Sets Exercise 6E – Selina Concise Mathematics Class 8 ICSE Solutions

**Question 1.**

**Solution:**

**Question 2.**

From the given diagram, find :

(i) A’

(ii) B’

**Solution:**

**Question 3.**

**Solution:**

**Question 4.**

**Solution:**

**Question 5.**

**Solution:**

**Question 6.**

**Solution:**

**Question 7.**

**Solution:**

**Question 8.**

**Solution:**

**Question 9.**

**Solution:**

**Question 10.**

**Solution:**

**Question 11.**

**Solution:**