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## S Chand Class 9 ICSE Maths Solutions Chapter 17 Circle: Circumference and Area Ex 17(B)

Take π = \(\frac { 22 }{ 7 }\) unless mentioned otherwise.

Question 1.

Find the area of the circle whose :

(i) diameter = 7 cm.

(ii) radius = 14 cm.

(iii) diameter = 2.8 cm.

Solution:

(i) Diameter = 7 cm

∴ Radius (r) = \(\frac { 7 }{ 2 }\) cm

∴ Area of the circle = πr^{2} = \(\frac { 22 }{ 7 }\) × \(\frac { 7 }{ 2 }\) × \(\frac { 7 }{ 2 }\) cm^{2}

= \(\frac { 77 }{ 2 }\) = 38.5 cm^{2}

(ii) Radius (r) = 14 cm

∴ Area = πr^{2} = \(\frac { 22 }{ 7 }\) × 14 × 14 cm^{2} = 616 cm^{2}

(iii) Diameter = 2.8 cm

∴ Radius (r) = \(\frac { 2.8 }{ 2 }\) = 1.4 cm

∴ Area = πr^{2} = \(\frac { 22 }{ 7 }\) × 1.4 × 1.4 cm^{2}

= 6.16 cm^{2}

Question 2.

A horse is tied to a pole with 28 m long string. Find out the area which the horse can graze.

Solution:

Length of string = 28 m

∴ Radius (r) = 28 m

Area which the horse can graze = πr^{2}

= \(\frac { 22 }{ 7 }\) × 28 × 28 m^{2} = 2464 m^{2}

Question 3.

Find the radius of a circular field whose area is

(i) 154 cm^{2}

(ii) 1386 cm^{2}

Solution:

(i) Area of a circular field = 154 cm^{2}

Let r be the radius, then

πr^{2} = 154

⇒ \(\frac { 22 }{ 7 }\) r^{2} = 154 ⇒ r^{2} = \(\frac{154 \times 7}{22}\) = 49

⇒ r^{2} = (7)^{2} ⇒ r = 7

∴Radius = 7 cm

(ii) Area of the circular field = 1386 cm^{2}

Let r be the radius of the field, then

⇒ πr^{2} = 1386 ⇒ \(\frac { 22 }{ 7 }\) r^{2} = 1386

⇒ r^{2} = \(\frac{1386 \times 7}{22}\) = 63 × 7 = 441 = (21)^{2}

⇒ r = 21

∴Radius = 21 cm

Question 4.

The area of a circle is 24.64 cm^{2}. Find its circumference.

Solution:

Area of a circle = 24.64 cm^{2}

Let r be the radius then

πr^{2} = 24.64 ⇒ \(\frac { 22 }{ 7 }\) r^{2} = 24.64

⇒ r^{2} = \(\frac{24.64 \times 7}{22}\) = 1.12 × 7 = 7.84

⇒ r^{2} = (2.8)^{2} ⇒ r = 2.8

Now circumference = 2πr

= 2 × \(\frac { 22 }{ 7 }\) × 2.8 cm = 17.6 cm

Question 5.

A copper wire, when bent in the form of a square, encloses an area of 121 cm^{2}. If the same wire is bent into the form of a circle, find the area of the circle

Solution:

Area of a square = 121 cm^{2}

∴ Side of the square (a) = \(\sqrt{\text { Area }}\) = \(\sqrt{121}\) = 11 cm

∴ Perimeter of the wire = 4a = 4 × 11 = 44 cm

Then perimeter of circular wire which is bent down = 44 cm

∴ Radius = \(\frac{\text { circumference }}{2 \pi}\)

= \(\frac{44 \times 7}{2 \times 22}\) = 7 cm

Then area of the circle = πr^{2}

= \(\frac { 22 }{ 7 }\) × 7 × 7 = 154 cm^{2}

Question 6.

The circumference of a circle is equal to the perimeter of a square. The area of the square is 484 sq m. Find the area of the circle. \(\left(\text { Assume } \pi=\frac{22}{7}\right)\)

Solution:

The area of the square = 484 sq. m

∴ Side of the square (a) = \(\sqrt{\text { Area }}\)

= \(\sqrt{484}\) m = 22 m

and perimeter of square = 4a = 4 × 22 m = 88 m

∴ Circumference of the circle = perimeter of the square = 88 m

∴ Radius (r) = \(\frac{\text { circumference }}{2 \pi}\) = \(\frac{88 \times 7}{2 \times 22}\) m = 14 m

and area of the circle = πr^{2} = \(\frac { 22 }{ 7 }\) × 14 × 14sq. m = 616 sq. m

Question 7.

A wire is in the form of a circle of radius 42 cm. It is bent into a square. Determine the side of the square and compare the areas of the regions enclosed in the two cases.

\(\left(\text { Use } \pi=\frac{22}{7}\right)\)

Solution:

Radius of circular wire (r) = 42 cm

∴ Its circumference = 2πr

= 2 × \(\frac { 22 }{ 7 }\) × 42 = 264 cm

(i) Now perimeter of square formed by the circular wire = 264 cm

∴ Side of the square = \(\frac { 264 }{ 4 }\) = 66 cm

(ii) Now area of circle = πr^{2}

= \(\frac { 22 }{ 7 }\) × 42 × 42 cm^{2} = 5544 cm^{2}

and area of square = (side)^{2}

= (66)^{2} = 4356 cm^{2}

Ratio in the two areas = 5544 : 4356 = 56 : 44 = 14 : 11

Question 8.

From a copper plate, which is a square of side 12.5 cm, a circular disc of diameter 7 cm is cut off. Find the weight of the remaining part, if 1 sq. cm of the plate weighs 0.8 gm. \(\left(\text { Assume } \pi=\frac{22}{7}\right)\)

Solution:

Side of a square = 12.5 cm

Diameter of disc = 7 cm

∴ Radius (r) = \(\frac { 7 }{ 2 }\) cm

∴ Area of square = a^{2} = (12.5)^{2} cm^{2} = 156.25 cm^{2}

Area of circular disc = πr^{2}

= \(\frac { 22 }{ 7 }\) × \(\frac { 7 }{ 2 }\) × \(\frac { 7 }{ 2 }\) cm^{2}

= \(\frac { 77 }{ 2 }\) = 38.5 cm^{2}

∴ Area of remaining part = 156.25 – 38.50 = 117.75 cm^{2}

Weight of one sq. cm = 0.8 gm

∴ Total weight of the remaining portion = 117.75 × 0.8 gm = 94.2 gm

Question 9.

The circumference of two circles are in the ratio 2 : 3. Find the ratio of their areas.

Solution:

Ratio in the circumferences of two circles = 2 : 3

Let circumference of the first circle = 2x

and of the second circle = 3x

∴ Radius (r_{1}) of first circle

= \(\frac{\text { circumference }}{2 \pi}\) = \(\frac{2 x}{2 \pi}\) = \(\frac{x}{\pi}\)

and radius (r_{2}) of second circle = \(\frac{3 x}{2 \pi}\)

Now area of the first circle = πr_{2}^{2}

= π × \(\left(\frac{3 x}{2 \pi}\right)^2\) = \(\frac{\pi \times 9 x^2}{4 \pi^2}\) = \(\frac{9 x^2}{4 \pi}\)

∴ Ratio = \(\frac{x^2}{\pi}\) : \(\frac{9 x^2}{4 \pi}\)

= 1 : \(\frac { 9 }{ 4 }\) = 4 : 9

Question 10.

A square park has each side of 100 m. At each corner of the park, there is a flower bed in the form of a quadrant of radius 14 m as shown in the figure. Find the area of the remaining part of the park. (Take π = 22/7)

Solution:

Side of the square park = 100 m

∴ Area = (side)^{2} = (100)^{2} = 10000 m^{2}

Radius of each quadrant at the corner of the park = 14 m

∴ Area of one quadrant = \(\frac { 1 }{ 4 }\)πr^{2}

\(\frac { 1 }{ 4 }\) × \(\frac { 22 }{ 7 }\) × (14) × (14) m^{2} = 154 m^{2}

and area of 4 quadrants = 154 × 4 = 616 m^{2}

∴ Area of the remaining portion of the park

= 10000 – 616 = 9384 m^{2}

Question 11.

The radius of a circular field is 20 m. Inside it runs a path 5 m wide all around. Find the area of the path.

Solution:

Radius of circular field (R) = 20 m

Width of inside path = 5 m

∴ Inner radius (r) = 20 – 5 = 15 m

∴ Area of path = outer area – inner area = πR^{2} – πr^{2}

= π [R^{2} – r^{2}] = \(\frac { 22 }{ 7 }\) [(20)^{2} – (15)^{2}] m^{2}

= π (20 + 15) (20 – 15) m^{2}

= \(\frac { 22 }{ 7 }\) × 35 × 5 = 550 m^{2}

Question 12.

A road 3.5 m wide surrounds a circular plot whose circumference is 44 m. Find the cost of paving the road of Rs. 10 per m^{2}.

Solution:

Width of road = 3.5 m

Circumference of a circular plot = 44 m

∴ Radius of the plot = \(\frac{\text { circumference }}{2 \pi}\)

= \(\frac{44 \times 7}{2 \times 22}\) = 7 m

∴ Outer radius (R) = 7 + 3.5 = 10.5 m

∴ Area of the outer road = outer area – inner area =πR^{2} – πr^{2}

= π(R^{2} – r^{2}) = π[(10.5)^{2} – (7)^{2}]

= \(\frac { 22 }{ 7 }\) (10.5 + 7) (10.5 – 7) m^{2}

= \(\frac { 22 }{ 7 }\) × 17.5 × 3.5 m^{2} = 192.5 m^{2}

Cost of paving the road = Rs. 10 per m^{2}

∴ Total cost = 192.5 × 10 = Rs. 1925

Question 13.

A lawn is in the shape of a semi-circle of diameter 35 dm. The lawn is surrounded by a flower bed of width 3.5 dm all round. Find the area of the flower bed in dm^{2}.

Solution:

Inner diameter of semicircular lawn = 35 dm

∴ Radius (r) = \(\frac { 35 }{ 2 }\) = 17.5 dm

Width of the flower bed = 3.5 dm

∴ Outer radius (R) = 17.5 + 3.5 = 21 dm Now area of the flower bed = outer area inner area

Question 14.

A road which is 7 m wide surrounds a circular park whose circumference is 352 m. Find the surface area of the road.

Solution:

Width of road = 7 m

Circumference of park = 352 m

∴ Radius of the park (r) = \(\frac{\text { circumference }}{2 \pi}\)

= \(\frac{352 \times 7}{2 \times 22}\) = 56 m

∴ Outer radius (R) = 56 m + 7 m = 63 m

∴ Area of the road = πR^{2} – πr^{2} = π (R^{2} – r^{2})

= π [(63)^{2} – (56)^{2}] m^{2}

= \(\frac { 22 }{ 7 }\) (63 + 56) (63 – 56) m^{2}

= \(\frac { 22 }{ 7 }\) × 119 × 7 m^{2} = 2618 m^{2}

Question 15.

The shaded area in the figure between the circumferences of two concentric circles is 346.5 cm^{2}. The circumference of the inner circle is 88 cm. Calculate the radius of the outer circle. \(\left(\text { Take } \pi \text { to be } \frac{22}{7}\right)\)

Solution:

Area of shaded portion = 346.5 cm^{2}

Circumference of the inner circle = 88 cm

∴ Inner radius (r) = \(\frac{\text { circumference }}{2 \pi}\)

= \(\frac{88 \times 7}{2 \times 22}\) = 14 cm

Let outer radius =R, then

Area of shaded portion = πR^{2} – πr^{2}

Question 16.

Find the area enclosed between two concentric circles of radii 3.5 cm and 7 cm. A third concentric circle is drawn outside the 7 cm circle so that the area enclosed between it and the 7 cm circle is the same as that between the two inner circles. Find the radius of the third circle, correct to one decimal place. \(\left(\text { Take } \pi=\frac{22}{7}\right)\)

Solution:

Radius of first inner circle (r_{1}) = 3.5 cm

and radius of second circle (r_{2}) = 7 cm

∴ Area between these two circles

= π[r_{2})^{2} – (r_{1})^{2}] = \(\frac { 22 }{ 7 }\) [(7)^{2} – (3.5)^{2}]

= \(\frac { 22 }{ 7 }\) (7 + 3.5) (7 – 3.5) cm^{2}

= \(\frac { 22 }{ 7 }\) × 10.5 × 3.5 cm^{2} = 115.5 cm^{2}

Let the radius of third circle = R

Area between the last two circles = 115.5 cm

∴ π[R^{2} – (7)^{2}] = 115.5

⇒ \(\frac { 22 }{ 7 }\) [R^{2} – 49] = 115.5

⇒ R^{2} – 49 = \( = 36.75

⇒ R^{2} = 36.75 + 49 = 85.75 cm^{2}

∴ R = [latex]\sqrt{85.75}\) = 9.26

∴ Radius of third circle = 9.26 = 9.3 cm

Question 17.

A circular field has a perimeter of 650 m. A plot, in the shape of a square having its vertices on the circumference of the field, is marked in the field. Calculate the area of the square plot. \(\left(\text { Take } \pi=\frac{22}{7}\right)\)

Solution:

Perimeter of a circular field = 650 m

∴ Diameter of the field = \(\frac{\text { circumference }}{\pi}\)

= \(\frac{650}{\pi}\) = \(\frac{650 \times 7}{22}\) m

∵ The square plot has its vertices on the circumference of the circle

∴ Diagonal of square = diameter of the circle

= \(\frac{650 \times 7}{22}\) m

∴ Area of square plot = \(\frac{(\text { Diagonal })^2}{2}\)

= \(\frac { 1 }{ 2 }\) \(\left[\frac{650 \times 7}{22}\right]^2\) = \(\frac { 1 }{ 2 }\) \(\left[\frac{4550}{22}\right]^2\) = \(\frac { 1 }{ 2 }\) (206.818)^{2}

= \(\frac { 1 }{ 2 }\) (42773.76) m^{2} = 21386.88 m^{2} = 21387 m^{2}

Question 18.

The inside perimeter of a practice running track with semicircular ends and straight parallel sides is 312 m. The length of the straight portions of the track is 90 m. If the track has uniform width of 2 m throughout, find its area.

Solution:

Inside perimter of the running track with hemispheres ends and straight parallel sides = 312 m

Length of straight portion = 90 m

∴ Perimter of hemisphere end of one side

= \(\frac{312-180}{2}\) = \(\frac{132}{2}\) = 66 m

∴ Radius = \(\frac{\text { Perimeter } \times 2}{2 \pi}\) = \(\frac{66 \times 2 \times 7}{2 \times 22}\) = 21 m

Width of track = 2 m

∴ Outer radius = 21 + 2 = 23 m

∴ Area of the track = Area of semicircular ends + area of rectangular portions

= 2π [(23)^{2} – (21)^{2}] + 90 × 2 × 2

= 2π (23 + 21) (23 – 21) + 360

= 2π × 44 × 2 + 360 = 2 × 88π + 360

= (176π + 360) m^{2}

Question 19.

The boundary of the shaded region in the figure consists of three semi-circular arcs, the smaller ones being equal. If the diameter of the larger arc is 10 cm. Calculate

(i) the length of the boundary

(ii) the area of the shaded region.

(Take π to be 3.14)

Solution:

Diameter of larger semicircle = 10 cm

∴ Radius (R) = \(\frac { 10 }{ 2 }\) =5 cm

Diameter of each of the smaller semicircles = 5 cm

∴ Radius of each semicircle (r) = \(\frac{5}{2}\) cm

(i) Perimeter of the shaded portion

= \(\frac{1}{2}\) × 2πR + 2 × \(\frac{1}{2}\) × 2πr = πR + 2πr

= π[R + 2r] = 3.14 (5 + 2 × \(\frac{5}{2}\))

= 3.14 × 10 cm = 3.14 cm

(ii) Area of shaded portion

= \(\frac{1}{2}\)πR^{2} – \(\frac{1}{2}\)πr^{2} + \(\frac{1}{2}\)πr^{2}

= \(\frac{1}{2}\)πR^{2} = \(\frac{1}{2}\) × 3.14 × 5 × 5 cm^{2}

= 39.25 cm^{2} = 39.3 cm^{2}

Question 20.

A bed of roses is like in the figure. In the centre is a square and on each side there is semi-circle. Side of the square is 21 m. If each rose-plant needs 6 m^{2} of space, find out the number of plants which can be planted in the whole figure.

Solution:

Side of square ABCD = 21 m

Area of square portion = (side)^{2}

=(21)^{2} m^{2} = 441 m^{2}

Radius of each semicircular portion (r) = \(\frac{21}{2}\) m

∴ Area of 4 semicircular portion = 4 × \(\frac{1}{2}\)πr^{2}

=2 × \(\frac{22}{7}\) × \(\frac{21}{2}\) × \(\frac{21}{2}\) m^{2} = 693 m^{2}

Total area of the figure = 441 + 693 = 1134 m^{2}

∴ Area required for one rose plant = 6 m^{2}

∴ Number of plants = \(\frac{1134}{6}\) = 189

Question 21.

Find the area of the region between two concentric circles given in figure, if the length of the chord of the outer circle touching the inner circle is 14 cm.

Solution:

Length of chord AB = 14 cm

∵ OP ⊥ AB

∴ AP = PB = \(\frac{14}{2}\) = 7 cm

Let OA = R and OP = r

In right △OAP

OA^{2} = OP^{2} + AP^{2}

⇒ R^{2} = r^{2} + (7)^{2}

⇒ R^{2} – r^{2} = 49 …(i)

Now area of shaded portion

= πR^{2} – πr^{2}

= π(R^{2} – r^{2}) = \(\frac{22}{7}\) × 49 [From (i)]

= 154 cm^{2}

Question 22.

The figure shows a circle with centre at O and ∠AOB = 90°. If the radius of the circle is 40 cm, calculate the area of the shaded portion of the circle. (Take π = 3.14)

Solution:

Radius of the circle (r) = 40 cm

∠AOB = 90°

Area of quadrant OAB = \(\frac{1}{4}\) πr^{2}

= \(\frac{1}{4}\) × 3.14 × 40 × 40 cm^{2} = 1256 cm^{2}

Area of △AOB = \(\frac{1}{2}\) OA × OB (∵ ∠AOB = 90°)

= \(\frac{1}{2}\) × 40 × 40 = 800 cm^{2}

∴ Area of shaded portion

= 1256 cm^{2} – 800 cm^{2} = 456 cm^{2}

Question 23.

ABCD is a flower bed. If OA = 21 m and OC = 14 m, find the area of the bed. \(\left(\text { Use } \pi=\frac{22}{7}\right)\)

In the figure OAB is a quadrant whose radius

OA = 21 cm

and radius of quadrant

OCD = OC = 14 cm

∴ Area of bed (shaded portion)

= \(\frac{1}{4}\)πR^{2} – \(\frac{1}{4}\)πr^{2}

= \(\frac{1}{4}\)π [R^{2} – r^{2}] = \(\frac{1}{4}\) × \(\frac{22}{7}\) (21^{2} – 14^{2})

= \(\frac{11}{14}\) [441 – 196] = \(\frac{11}{14}\) × 245 m^{2}

= \(\frac{11 \times 35}{2}\) = \(\frac{385}{2}\) = 192.5 m^{2}

Question 24.

In the figure, A, B, C and D are centres of equal circles which touch externally in pairs and ABCD is a square of side 14 cm. Find the area of the shaded region.

Solution:

Side of square ABCD = 14 cm

AB = BC = CD = DA = 14 cm

∴Radius of each circles = \(\frac{14}{2}\)cm = 7cm

∴ Area of shaded portions = area of 4 circles + area of square – area of 4 quadrant

= Area of 4 circles – area of one circle + area of square

= Area of 3 circles + area of square

& =3 × \(\frac{22}{7}\) × 7 × 7 + 14 × 14 cm^{2}

= 462 + 196 = 658 cm^{2}

= 658 cm^{2}