## ML Aggarwal Class 6 Solutions for ICSE Maths Chapter 5 Sets Ex 5.1

Question 1.

State which of the following collections are sets:

(i) collection of odd natural numbers less than 50

(ii) collection of four colours of a rainbow

(iii) collection of first three days of a week

(iv) collection of all tall students of your class

(v) collection of all clever students of your school

(vi) collection of all rich people of Bangalore

(vii) collection of some multiples of 5 (viii) collection of all prime numbers

(ix) collection of all even integers which lie between -5 and 15

(x) collection of all good cricket players of India

(xi) collection of three youngest students of your class

(xii) collection of three healthy students of your class

Solution:

(i) It is a set.

If we denote the given set by A, then A = {1, 3, 5, 7, …………. , 47, 49}

(ii) It is not a set because the given collection is not well-defined-people may differ on four colours of a rainbow.

(iii) It is a set.

If we denote the given set by A, then A = {Sunday, Monday, Tuesday}

(iv) It is not a set because the given collection is not well-defined-people may differ on whether a student is tall or not.

(v) It is not a set because the given collection is not well-defined-people may differ on whether a student is clever or not.

(vi) It is not a set because the given collection is not well-defined-people may differ on whether a person is rich or not.

(vii) It is not a set because the given collection is not well defined-people may differ on which are multiples of 5. .

(viii) It is a set because the given collection is well defined.

(ix) It is a set.

If we denote the given set by A, then

A = {-4,-2, 0, 2, 4, 6, 8, 10, 12, 14}

(x) It is not a set because the given collection is not well defined-people may differ on whether a cricket player of India is good or not.

(xi) It is a set because the given collection is well defined-people can choose three youngest students of their classes.

(xii) It is not a set because the given collection is not well defined – people may differ on whether a student is healthy or not.

Question 2.

Let E = {even integers}. Insert the appropriate symbol ϵ or ∉ in the blanks:

(i) 10 …. E

(ii) -8 …. E

(iii) 13 … E

(iv) {6} …. E

(v) a …. E (vi) -4, 12, …. E

Solution:

E = {even numbers}

⇒ E = { ………… , -6, -4, -2, 0, 2, 4, 6, 8, ……………. }

(i) 10 ϵ E

(ii) -8 ϵ E

(iii) 13 ∉ E

(iv) {6} ϵ E

(v) a ∉ E

(vi) -4, 12, ϵ E

Question 3.

Let V = {vowels in English alphabet}. Write which of the following statements are true and which are false :

(i) c ϵ V

(ii) {a} ϵ V

(iii) a, e, i ϵ V

(iv) a, b ϵ V

(v) {a, u} ∉ V

(vi) {a, o, u} ϵ V

Solution:

V = {Vowels of English alphabet}

(i) c ϵ V Which is false.

(ii) {a} ϵ V Which is false.

(iii) a, e, i ϵ V Which is true.

(iv) a, b ϵ V Which is false.

(v) {a, u} ϵ V Which is true.

(vi) {a, o, u} ϵ V Which is true.

Question 4.

Write the following sets in roster form:

(i) the set of first five odd counting numbers

(ii) the set of all even natural numbers less than 101

(iii) {months of year whose names begin with a vowel}

(iv) {one digit natural numbers which are perfect squares}

(v) the set of multiples of 7 which lie between -20 and 25

(vi) {factors of 36}

(vii) {prime factors of 360}

(viii) the set of whole numbers which are multiples of 5

(ix) the set of all letters in the word ‘CHENNAI’

(x) The set of all vowels in the word ‘MUSSOORIE’

(xi) the set of all consonants in the word ‘MATHEMATICS’

Solution:

(i) The given set can be written as in roster form: { 1, 3, 5, 7, 9}

(ii) The given set can be written as in roster form: {2, 4, 6, 8, ……….. , 98, 100}

(iii) The given set can be written as in roster form: {April, August, October}

(iv) The given set can be written as in roster form: {1, 4, 9}

(v) The given set can be written as in roster form: {-14, -7, 0, 7, 14, 21}

(vi) The given set can be written as in roster form: {1, 2, 3, 4, 6, 9, 12, 18, 36}

(vii) The given set can be written as in roster form: {2, 3, 5}

(viii) The given set can be written as in roster form: {0, 5, 10, 15, }

(ix) The given set can be written as in roster form: {C,H,E,N,A,I}

(x) The given set can be written as in roster form: {U, O, I, E}

(xi) The given set can be written as in roster form : {M,T,H,C,S}

Question 5.

Write the following sets in tabular form:

(i) {x : is a natural number and x < 7}

(ii) {x : x e W and x ≤ 5}

(iii) {x : x is a month.of a year having less than 31 days}

(iv) {x | x is a letter in the word ‘CIRCUMFERENCE’}

(v) {x | x is a vowel in the word ‘NOTATION’}

(vi) (x : x is a digit in the numeral 110526715}

(vii) {x : x is a factor of 48}

(viii) (x : x is a multiple of 11 and 0 ≤ x < 80}

(ix) [y : y is a two digit natural number divisible by 10}

Solution:

(i) The given set can written as in Tabular form: {1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6}

(ii) The given set can be written as in Tabular form: {0, 1, 2, 3, 4, 5}

(iii) The given set can be written as in Tabular form: {February, April, June, September, November}

(iv) The given set can be written as in Tabular form: {C, I, R, U, M, F, E, N}

(v) The given set can be written as in Tabular form: {O, A, I}

(vi) The given set can be written as in Tabular form: {1, 0, 5, 2, 6, 7}

(vii) The given set can be written as in Tabular form: {1, 2, 3, 4, 6, 8, 12, 16, 24, 48}

(viii) The given set can be written as in Tabular form: {0, 11, 22, 33, 44, 55, 66, 77}

(ix) {y : y is a two digit natural number divisible by 10} = {10, 20, 30, 40, 50, 60, 70, 80, 90}

Question 6.

Write the following sets in roster form and also in set builder form:

(i) the set of integers which lie between -2 and 3 (both inclusive)

(ii) the set of letters in the word ‘ULTIMATUM’

(iii) {months of a year whose names begin with J}

(iv) the set of single digit whole numbers which are perfect squares

Solution:

(i) The given set can be written as {-2, -1, 0, 1, 2, 3} (roster form)

{x : x ϵ I, -2 ≤ x ≤ 3} (set builder form)

(ii) The given set can be written as { U, L, T, I, M, A}(roster form)

{x : x is a letter in the word ‘ULTIMATUM’ }(set builder form)

(iii) The given set can be written as {January, June, July}(roster form)

{x | x is a month of a year whose names begin with J}(set builder form)

(iv) The given set can be written as {0, 1, 4, 9}(roster form)

{x | x is prefect square one digit number} (set builder form)

Question 7.

Write the following sets in tabular form and also in descriptive form :

(i) {x : x is a prime number less than 30}

(ii) the set of whole numbers which are multiples of 8 and less than 50

(iii) {x | x is a consonant in the word ‘QUESTION PAPER’}

Solution:

(i) The given set can be written as {2, 3, 5, 7, 11, 13, 17, 19, 23, 29} (Tabular form)

{Prime numbers less than 30} (descriptive form)

(ii) The given set can be written as {0, 8, 16, 24, 32, 40, 48}(Tabular form)

{Whole numbers which are multiples of 8 and less than 50} (descriptive form)

(iii) The given set can be written as {Q, S, T, N, P, R} (Tabular form)

{Consonants in the word “QUESTION PAPER’{(descriptive form)

Question 8.

Write the following sets in the set builder form:

(i) A= {0, 1, 2, …, 11}

(ii) B = {7, 14, 21, 28, …}

(iii) C = {1, 4, 9, 16, 25, 36, 49}

(iv) D = {-12, -9, -b, -3, 0, 3, 6, 9, 12, 15, 18}

Solution:

(i) A= {0, 1, 2, …, 11}

= {x : x ϵ W, x ≤ 11}

(ii) B = {7, 14, 21, 28, …}

= {x : x = In, n ϵ N}

(iii) C = {1, 4, 9, 16, 25, 36, 49}

= {x : x = n^{2}, n ϵ N and n ≤ 7}

(iv) D = {-12,-9,-6,-3, 0,3, 6, 9, 12, 15, 18}

= {x : x = 3 n, n ϵ 1 and -4 ≤ n ≤ 6}